Obesity is a disease that occurs with excessive weight gain due to excessive fat accumulation in the body that disrupts health. Factors such as extreme and wrong eating habits, hormonal factors, sedentary lifestyle, and genetic transition may cause obesity. Obesity is a disease that needs to be treated because untreated obesity causes many health problems such as diabetes, heart diseases, cancer and infertility.
What is Bariatric Surgery?
Bariatric surgery is all of the names given to weight-loss operations. Methods such as exercise and diet cannot effectively treat people with a much higher than average weight. Bariatric surgery is a surgery performed to help these people lose weight. Scientific studies on this subject show that bariatric surgery reduces mortality rates in patients with severe obesity, especially when combined with a healthy diet and lifestyle changes after the operation.
Who Can Have Bariatric Surgery?
Obesity surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, is recommended for patients with a body mass index of 40 and above who cannot lose weight through some methods such as medical nutrition, exercise, and medical treatment under the supervision of a specialist. Obesity surgery is seen as the only effective method for healthy weight loss in patients over 40. However, the body mass index is over 35, and those who have concomitant diseases can apply obesity surgery if they cannot get rid of the fatty tissue in the body.
What are the Types of Bariatric Surgery?
The methods in bariatric surgery vary according to factors such as gender, weight, disease, age. All types of bariatric surgery goals are to achieve sustainable weight loss, increase the quality of life, and eliminate the complications caused by obesity. There are different types of bariatric surgery methods in terms of surgical procedure techniques and long-term results.
What Should Be Considered After Bariatric Surgery?
The method to be preferred in bariatric surgery varies from patient to patient. Obesity surgery comes into play for patients who have applied all other treatment methods (diet program, exercise programs) before the surgical procedure. The success of bariatric surgery is mainly dependent on the patient’s postoperative behavioral and lifestyle changes. Patients should strictly follow the diet plan determined by the dietician after the surgical procedure and participate in behavioral therapy to change their attitude towards nutrition and exercise.
Does Bariatric Surgery Absolutely Provide Weight Loss?
Studies show that many people who undergo bariatric surgery lose about 15 to 30 percent of their starting weight, depending on the type of surgery. Over time, some people regain some of their weight. To not repeat these weight gains, it is essential to strictly perform the procedures requested by your doctor after bariatric surgery.
Bariatric Surgery cannot be equated with natural weight loss methods, but it can make it easier for you to consume fewer calories and be more physically active. Choosing healthy foods and drinks before and after surgery can help you lose weight and achieve a healthy weight in the long term. Regular physical activity after surgery also helps with weight loss. To reach your ideal weight, you must follow healthy lifestyle habits and the advice of health professionals for a lifetime.